M.A. Anthropology, Georgia State University, 2014
B.A. Anthropology, Georgia State University, 2004
My bioarchaeological research focuses on early life diet and physiological stress in the context of Spanish contact in the Americas. My Master’s research examined internal enamel micro-defects as indicators of early life stress in a population inhabiting northern Peru during the Early and Late Spanish Colonial periods. For my dissertation research, I am geographically shifting my focus to St. Catherines Island, Georgia in order to get a hemispheric-level understanding of the biocultural impacts of Spanish contact and missionization in the Americas. My research includes incremental stable isotopic and trace elemental analysis of teeth and the examination of dental growth disruptions in order to assess early life diet, weaning patterns, and developmental stress of individuals interred at the Early Colonial Fallen Tree Mortuary Complex and Mission Santa Catalina de Guale.
Current and Past Research Projects
Spring and Fall 2016 Pilot study to investigate early life diet and stress in the context of Spanish contact on the coast of Georgia. This project utilizes dental histology and incremental isotope data from teeth of Guale individuals interred at the Late Prehistoric/Early Colonial period site of Fallen Tree and the mission Santa Catalina de Guale, both located on Saint Catherines Island, Georgia
Fall 2015 UGA Biochemistry Lab. Pilot Study testing combined dental thin-sectioning and incremental analysis of teeth to reconstruct stress chronologies and early life dietary behaviors using donated human molars.
Summer 2015 UGA Biochemistry Lab. Gallup Faunal Priject: Isolated collagen from faunal remains for stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis
Summer 2015 UGA Zooarchaeology Lab, The Georgia museum of Natural History. Sorted and inventoried faunal remains from the Mississippian period Irene Mound.
Summer 2015 UGA Zooarchaeology Lab, The Georgia Museum of Natural History. Sorted and curated cremated human remains from the Late Archaic period site McQueen Shell Ring, Saint Catherines Island, GA.
Fall 2014 UGA Biochemistry Lab. “The St. Catherines Island Isoscape, in Aid of Paleodiet and Paleoclimate Reconstructions.” Prepared plant samples from Saint Catherines Island, Georgia for stable isotopic analysis.
Summer 2014 UGA Biochemistry Lab. “Evidence for Diets of Elite Individuals of the Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów (Republic of Two Nations) from Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analysis.” Isolated collagen for stable isotopic analysis.
Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. (2018) Variation in early life diet and stress during early Spanish colonization: A life history perspective from individuals interred at the Fallen Tree mortuary site (9Li8) on St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Early Georgia. 46(1).
Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ, Larsen CS, Thomas DH. (2018) Early Life Stress at the Mission Santa Catalina de Guale: Combining Enamel Defects and Incremental Isotope Analysis of Dentin to Explore Nutrition as a Source of Stress. Submitted to Bioarchaeology International.
Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD. (2016) Biocultural consequences of Spanish in contact in the Lambayeque Valley region of northern Peru: Internal enamel micro-defects as indicators of early life stress. Manuscript accepted on September 20, 2015 for publication in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology.
Grants and Awards
Fall 2018 NSF subsidized program to conduct barium/calcium analysis via laser ablation ICP-MS at the Field Museum's Elemental Analysis Laboratory
Fall 2017 Sigma Xi Grants-in-Aid of Research. Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.
Fall 2015 Society for Georgia Archaeology’s Student Research Grant. Awarded $2000 for the project: “Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.”
Fall 2015 Joshua Laerm Academic Support Award: Georgia Museum of Natural History. Awarded $1000 for the project: “Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.”
American Association of Physical Anthropologists
The Society for Georgia Archaeology
American Anthropological Association
The Society for American Archaeology