Theologically Engaged Anthropology

Adams, Nicholas, and Charles Elliott. “Ethnography is Dogmatics: Making Description Central to Systematic Theology,” Scottish Journal of Theology 53, no. 3 (2000): 339–64.

Adams, Walter Randolph, and Frank A. Salamone. "Anthropology and theology : God, icons, and God-talk." (Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, c2000).

Baker, Coleman A., "Early Christian Identity Formation: From Ethnicity and Theology to Socio-Narrative Criticism," Currents in Biblical Research 9, no. 2 (2011): 228–37.

Banner, Michael C., The Ethics of Everyday Life: Moral Theology, Social Anthropology, and the Imagination of the Human (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Bielo, James S., "Anthropology, Theology, Critique," Critical Research on Religion 6, no. 1 (2018): 28-34.

Brown, Delwin, Sheila Greeve Davaney, and Kathryn Tanner, eds., Converging on Culture: Theologians in Dialogue with Cultural Analysis and Criticism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Coleman, Simon, “An Anthropological Apologetics,” South Atlantic Quarterly 109, no. 4 (2010): 791–810.

Comaroff, Jean, and David Kyuman Kim, “Anthropology, Theology, Critical Pedagogy: A Conversation with Jean Comaroff and David Kyuman Kim,” Cultural Anthropology 26, no. 2 (2011): 158–78.

Das, Veena, “For a Folk-theology and Theological Anthropology of Islam,” Contributions to Indian Sociology 18, no. 2 (1984): 293–300.

Davies, Douglas J., Anthropology and Theology (Oxford, UK: Berg, 2002).

Davies, Douglas J., Studies in Pastoral Theology and Social Anthropology, 2nd ed. (Birmingham: University of Birmingham Institute for the Study of Worship and Religious Architecture, 1990).

Engelke, Matthew, “The Problem of Belief: Evans-Pritchard and Victor Turner on the Inner Life,” Anthropology Today 18, no. 6 (2002): 3–8.

Flueckiger, Joyce, “When the Goddess Speaks Her Mind: Possession, Presence, and Narrative Theology in the Gangamma Tradition of Tirupati (South India),” International Journal of Hindu Studies 21, no. 2 (2017): forthcoming.

Fountain, Philip, “Toward a Post-Secular Anthropology,” Australian Journal of Anthropology 24, no. 3 (2013): 310–28.

Fountain, Philip, and Sin Wen Lau, eds., “Anthropological theologies: Engagements and encounters.” The Australian Journal of Anthropology 24, no. 3 (2013).

Goldstone, Brian, and Stanley Hauerwas, “Disciplined Seeing: Forms of Christianity and Forms of Life,” South Atlantic Quarterly 109, no. 4 (2010): 765–790.

Haynes, Naomi, “Standing in the Gap: Mediation in Ethnographic, Theoretical, and Methodological Perspective,” Swedish Missiological Themes 101, no. 3–4 (2013): 251–66.

Hiebert, Paul G., Anthropological Insights for Missionaries (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1986).

Hiebert, Paul G., Anthropological Reflections on Missiological Issues (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1994).

Hiebert, Paul G., Transforming Worldviews: An Anthropological Understanding of How People Change (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2008).

Howell, Brian M., “The Repugnant Cultural Other Speaks Back: Christian Identity as Ethnographic ‘Standpoint,’” Anthropological Theory 7, no. 4 (2007): 371–91.

Howell, Brian M., and Jenell Williams Paris, Introducing Cultural Anthropology: A Christian Perspective (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2010).

Kathryn Tanner, Theories of Culture: A New Agenda for Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1997).

Kidd, Susannah L., and Rebecca Spurrier, eds., “Engaging Religious Experience: A Return to Ethnography and Theology,” Practical Matters: A Journal of Religious Practices and Practical Theology 6 (2013)

Larsen, Timothy, The Slain God: Anthropologists and the Christian Faith (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Lemons, J. Derrick. “An Introduction to Theologically Engaged Anthropology.” Ethnos, (2019): DOI: 10.1080/00141844.2019.1640760.

Lemons, J. Derrick. “An Afterword: Conversations among Theology, Anthropology and History.” St. Mark’s Review, 244, No. 2, (2018):114-123.

Lemons, J. Derrick. “Anthropology and Theology” last modified February 22, 2018. In Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology, edited by John L. Jackson, Jr., 1-11. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Lemons, J. Derrick, Introduction to Theologically Engaged Anthropology, 1-17. Edited by J. Derrick Lemons. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Lemons, J. Derrick. “New Insights from an Old Dialogue Partner.” In Theologically Engaged Anthropology, edited by J. Derrick Lemons, 18-28. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Lemons, J. Derrick. Special Journal Issue: Theologically Engaged Anthropology. Ethnos, July 2019.

Lemons, J. Derrick. Theologically Engaged Anthropology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, 384 pages.

Marshall, Ruth, “The Sovereignty of Miracles: Pentecostal Political Theology in Nigeria,” Constellations 17, no. 2 (2010): 197–223.

Martin, Lerone, and Luke Whitmore, eds., “Ethnography and Theology,” Practical Matters: A Journal of Religious Practices and Practical Theology 3 (2010) 

Meneses, Eloise, Lindy Backues, David Bronkema, Eric Flett and Benjamin L. Hartley, “Engaging the Religiously Committed Other: Anthropologists and Theologians in Dialogue,” Current Anthropology 55, no. 1 (2014): 82–104.

Merz, Johannes and Sharon Merz. “Occupying the Ontological Penumbra: Towards a Postsecular and Theologically Minded Anthropology,” Religions 8, no. 5 (2017)

Milbank, John, Theology and Social Theory: Beyond Secular Reason (Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2006).

Phillips, Elizabeth, “Charting the ‘Ethnographic Turn’: Theologians and the Study of Christian Congregations,” in Perspectives on Ecclesiology and Ethnography, ed. Pete Ward (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2012).

Priest, Robert J., et al., “Missionary Positions: Christian, Modernist, Postmodernist,” Current Anthropology 42, no. 1 (2001): 29–68.

Richman, Naomi, "Machine gun prayer: the politics of embodied desire in Pentecostal worship," Journal of Contemporary Religion 35, no. 3 (2020): 469-483.

Robbins, Joel, “Anthropology and Theology: An Awkward Relationship?” Anthropological Quarterly 79, no. 2 (2006): 285–94.

Robbins, Joel, “Afterword: Let’s Keep It Awkward: Anthropology, Theology, and Otherness,” The Australian Journal of Anthropology 24 (2013): 329–37.

Roberts, Richard H., Religion, Theology and the Human Sciences (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Rooms, Nigel, “Deep Listening: A Call for Missionary Anthropology,” Theology 115, no. 2 (2012): 88–108.

Rynkiewich, Michael, Soul, Self, and Society: A Postmodern Anthropology for Mission in a Postcolonial World (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2011).

Scharen, Christian B., and Aana Marie Vigen, eds., Ethnography as Christian Theology and Ethics (New York: Continuum, 2011).

Scharen, Christian B., Fieldwork in Theology: Exploring the Social Context of God’s Work in the World (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2015).

Stipe, Claude E., et al., “Anthropologists Versus Missionaries: The Influence of Presuppositions,” Current Anthropology 21, no. 2 (1980): 165–179.

Swinton, John, and Harriett Mowat, Practical Theology and Qualitative Research (Suffolk, UK: SCM Press, 2006).

Tomlinson, Matt. “Christian Difference. A Review Essay,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 59, no. 3 (2017): 1-11.

Walls, Andrew F., “The Gospel as Prisoner and Liberator of Culture,” in The Missionary Movement in Christian History: Studies in the Transmission of Faith (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1996).

Ward, Pete, ed., Perspectives on Ecclesiology and Ethnography (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2012).

Whitmore, Todd, “Crossing the Road: The Role of Ethnographic Fieldwork in Christian Ethics,” Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 27, no. 2 (2007): 273-294.

Wigg-Stevenson, Natalie, Ethnographic Theology: An Inquiry into the Production of Theological Knowledge (New York: Palgrave, 2014).


Anthropology Engaged with Theology

Ammerman, Nancy, Baptist Battles: Social Change and Religious Conflict in the Southern Baptist Convention (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990).

Asad, Talal, Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003).

Asad, Talal, Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).

Bender, Courtney, The New Metaphysicals (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010).

Bialecki, Jon, A Diagram for Fire: Miracles and Variation in an American Charismatic Movement (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2017).

Bielo, James, Emerging Evangelicals: Faith, Modernity, and the Desire for Authenticity (New York: New York University Press, 2011).

Bielo, James, Words upon the Word: An Ethnography of Evangelical Group Bible Study (New York: New York University Press, 2009).

Brown, Karen McCarthy, Mama Lola: A Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).

Cannell, Fenella, “The Anthropology of Secularism,” Annual Review of Anthropology 39 (Oct. 2010): 85–100.

Cannell, Fenella, “The Christianity of Anthropology,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 11, no. 2 (2005): 335–56.

Cannell, Fenella, ed., The Anthropology of Christianity (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006).

Coleman, Simon, The Globalisation of Charismatic Christianity: Spreading the Gospel of Prosperity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Douglas, Mary, Natural Symbols (London: Barrie & Rockliff, 1970).

Durkheim, Emile, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, trans. Joseph Ward Swain (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1915).

Elisha, Omri, Moral Ambition: Mobilization and Social Outreach in Evangelical Megachurches (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011).

El-Zein, Abdul Hamid, “Beyond Ideology and Theology: The Search for the Anthropology of Islam,” Annual Review of Anthropology 6, no. 1 (1977): 227–54.

Engelke, Matthew, A Problem of Presence: Beyond Scripture in an African Church (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007).

Evans-Pritchard, E.E., Nuer Religion (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956).

Fader, Ayala, Mitzvah Girls: Bringing Up the Next Generation of Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

Furani, Khaled, “Is There a Postsecular?” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 83, no. 1 (2015): 1–26.

Geertz, Clifford, “Religion as a Cultural System,” in The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books, 1973).

Handman, Courtney, Critical Christianity: Translation and Denominational Conflict in Papua New Guinea, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014).

Harding, Susan F., The Book of Jerry Falwell: Fundamentalist Language and Politics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Haynes, Naomi, Moving by the Spirit: Pentecostal Social Life on the Zambian Copperbelt (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2017).

Hirschkind, Charles, The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics (New York: Columbia University Press, 2009).

Howell, Brian M., Christianity in the Local Context: Southern Baptists in the Philippines (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

Howell, Brian M., Short-term Mission: An Ethnography of Christian Travel Narrative and Experience (Westmont, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2012).

Jenkins, Timothy, Religion in English Everyday Life: An Ethnographic Study (Oxford: Berghahn, 1999).

Jenkins, Timothy, “The Anthropology of Christianity: Situation and Critique,” Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology 77, no. 4 (2012): 459–76.

Keane, Webb, Christian Moderns: Freedom and Fetish in the Mission Encounter (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007).

Klassen, Pamela, “Christianity as a Polemical Concept,” in A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion, 1st ed., ed. Janice Boddy and Michael Lambek (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2013).

Kollman, Paul, “Classifying African Christianities: Past, Present, and Future: Part One,” Journal of Religion in Africa 40, no. 1 (2010): 3–32.

Kollman, Paul, “Classifying African Christianities, Part Two: The Anthropology of Christianity and Generations of African Christians,” Journal of Religion in Africa 40, no. 2 (2010): 118–148.

Leach, Edmund, Genesis as Myth (London: Jonathan Cape, 1969).

Lienhardt, Godfrey, Divinity and Experience: The Religion of the Dinka (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961).

Lindhardt, Martin, ed., Pentecostalism in Africa: Presence and Impact of Pneumatic Christianity in Postcolonial Societies (Leiden: Brill, 2015).

Luhrmann, Tanya M., When God Talks Back. Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012).

Mahmood, Saba, Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011).

Marshall, Ruth, Political Spiritualities: The Pentecostal Revolution in Nigeria (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009).

McIntosh, Janet, The Edge of Islam: Power, Personhood, and Ethnoreligious Boundaries on the Kenya Coast (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009).

Mittermaier, Amira, Dreams that Matter: Egyptian Landscapes of the Imagination (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010).

Moll, Yasmin, “Subtitling Islam: Translation, Mediation, Critique,” Public Culture 29 (2) (2017): 333–61.

Moll, Yasmin, ‘Television is Not Radio: Theologies of Mediation in the Egyptian Islamic Revival’, Cultural Anthropology 33 (2) (2018): 233–65. 

Needham, Rodney, Belief, Language and Experience (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1972).

Palmié, Stephan, The Cooking of History: How Not to Study Afro-Cuban Religion (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013).

Ramberg, Lucinda, Given to the Goddess: South Indian Devadasis and the Sexuality of Religion (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014).

Rappaport, Roy A., Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Robbins, Joel, Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Robbins, Joel, “Continuity Thinking and the Problem of Christian Culture: Belief, Time, and the Anthropology of Christianity,” Current Anthropology 48, no. 1 (2007): 5–38.

Robbins, Joel, and Naomi Haynes, eds., “The Anthropology of Christianity: Unity, Diversity, New Directions,” Current Anthropology 55, no. S10 (2014): S155-S366.

Roberts, Nathaniel, To Be Cared For: The Power of Conversion and Foreignness of Belonging in an Indian Slum (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016).

Ruel, Malcolm, “Christians as Believers,” in Religious Organization and Religious Experience, ed. John Davis (London: Academic Press, 1982).

Seeman, Don, “Coffee and the Moral Order: Ethiopian Jews and Pentecostals against Culture,” American Ethnologist 42, no. 4 (2015): 734–48.

Seeman, Don, “Violence, Ethics and Divine Honor in Modern Jewish Thought,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 73, no. 4 (2005): 1015–48.

Tambiah, Stanley J., Magic, Science and Religion and the Scope of Rationality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Tomlinson, Matt, Ritual Textuality: Pattern and Motion in Performance (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Weber, Max, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism; and Other Writings (London: Penguin, 2002).

Webster, Joseph, The Anthropology of Protestantism: Faith and Crisis among Scottish Fishermen (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).


Theology Engaged with Anthropology

Adams, Nicholas, George Pattison, and Graham Ward, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Theology and Modern European Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Barth, Karl, Church Dogmatics, 31 vols. ([1936-1977]; London: T&T Clark, 2009).

Battle, Michael, Reconciliation: The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu (Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 1997).

Bevans, Stephen B., and Roger P. Schroeder, Constants in Context: A Theology of Mission for Today (New York: Orbis, 2004).

Bevans, Stephen B., Models of Contextual Theology (New York: Orbis, 1992).

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, Letters and Papers from Prison ([1951]; Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2010).

Bosch, David J. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission (New York: Orbis, 1991).

Browning, Don, A Fundamental Practical Theology: Descriptive and Strategic Proposals (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1991).

Bultmann, Rudolf, Theology of the New Testament (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 1951).

Clooney, Francis X., Beyond Compare: St. Francis de Sales and Sri Vedanta Desika on Loving Surrender to God (Georgetown University Press, 2008).

Clooney, Francis X., Comparative Theology: Deep Learning across Religious Borders (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010).

Clooney, Francis X., Divine Mother, Blessed Mother: Hindu Goddesses and the Virgin Mary (Oxford University Press, 2005).

Coakley, Sarah, ed. Religion and the Body (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Coakley, Sarah, God, Sexuality, and the Self (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Coleman, Monica A., Making a Way Out of No Way: A Womanist Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2008).

Dayton, Donald W., Theological Roots of Pentecostalism (Grand Rapids, MI: Francis Asbury, 1987).

Frei, Hans, Types of Christian Theology (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992).

Fulkerson, Mary McClintock, Places of Redemption: Theology for a Worldly Church (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Funkenstein, Amos. Theology and the Scientific Imagination from the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1986).

Grenz, Stanley, and John Franke, Beyond Foundationalism: Shaping Theology in a Postmodern Context (Louisville, KY: Westminster-John Knox Press, 2001).

Gutiérrez, Gustavo, A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, and Salvation, trans. and ed. by Sister Caridad Inda and John Eagleson (New York: Orbis Books, 1973).

Isasi-Diaz, Ada Maria, En La Lucha/In the Struggle: A Hispanic Women’s Liberation Theology (New York: Orbis Books, 2004).

Kalu, Ogbu, African Pentecostalism: An Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Kollman, Paul, “Understanding the World-Christian Turn in the History of Christianity and Theology,” Theology Today 71, no. 2 (2014): 164–177.

George Lindbeck, The Nature of Doctrine: Religion and Theology in a Postliberal Age (Louisville: Westminister John Knox Press, 1984).

Mbiti, John S., Bible and Theology in African Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

McFague, Sally. The Body of God: An Ecological Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1993).

McGrath, Alister E., A Scientific Theology: Nature, vol. 1 (London: T&T Clark, 2001).

McGrath, Alister E., A Scientific Theology: Reality, vol. 2 (London: T&T Clark, 2002).

McGrath, Alister E., A Scientific Theology: Theory, vol. 3 (London: T&T Clark, 2003).

McGrath, Alister E., Christian Theology: An Introduction, 5th ed. (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).

Migliore, Daniel L., Faith Seeking Understanding: An Introduction to Christian Theology, 3rd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2014).

Moltmann, Jürgen, God in Creation: A New Theology of Creation and the Spirit of God, The Gifford Lectures 1984-1985 (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1993).

Newbigin, Lesslie, The Gospel in a Pluralist Society (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1989).

Ngada, Ndumiso Harry, Speaking for Ourselves: Members of African Independent Churches Report on Their Pilot Study of the History and Theology of Their Churches (Braamfontein, South Africa: Institute for Contextual Theology, 1985).

Niebuhr, H. Richard, Christ and Culture (New York: Harper & Row, 1956.)

Niebuhr, Reinhold, Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics ([1932]; Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2013).

Pannenberg, Wolfhart, Anthropology in Theological Perspective (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1985). 

Pannenberg, Wolfhart, Toward a Theology of Nature: Essays on Science and Faith (Louisville, KY: Westminster–John Knox Press, 1993).

Percy, Martyn, Shaping the Church: The Promise of Implicit Theology (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2010).

Percy, Martyn, Engaging with Contemporary Culture: Christianity, Theology and the Concrete Church (London: Routledge, 2016).

Pobee, John S., Toward an African Theology (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1979).

Reinders, Hans S, Receiving the Gift of Friendship: Profound Disability, Theological Anthropology, and Ethics (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2008).

Rubenstein, Richard L., After Auschwitz: History, Theology and Contemporary Judaism ([1966]; Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).

Ruether, Rosemary R., Gaia and God: An Ecofeminist Theology of Earth Healing (San Francisco, CA: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992).

Ruether, Rosemary R., Sexism and God-talk: Toward a Feminist Theology (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1993).

Schleiermacher, Friedrich, A Brief Outline of Theology as a Field of Study, trans. Terrence N. Tice ([1811]; Louisville: Westminister John Knox Press, 2011).

Schmitt, Karl, Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985).

Stroup, George W., The Promise of Narrative Theology: Recovering the Gospel in the Church (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1981).

Tillich, Paul, Dynamics of Faith (New York: Harper, 1958).

Tillich, Paul, Theology of Culture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, USA, 1964).

Torrance, Thomas F., Reality and Scientific Theology (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1985).

Volf, Miroslav, Exclusion and Embrace: A Theological Exploration of Identity, Otherness, and Reconciliation (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2010).

Williams, Delores S., “Womanist Theology: Black Women’s Voices,” in The Womanist Reader, ed. Layli Phillips (New York: Routledge, 2006).

Williams, Rowan, Anglican Identities (Plymouth: Cowley Publications, 2003).

Williams, Rowan, On Christian Theology (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers, 2000).

Yong, Amos, In the Days of Caesar: Pentecostalism and Political Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 2010).

Yong, Amos, The Spirit Poured Out on All Flesh: Pentecostalism and the Possibility of Global Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005).

Zizioulas, John, Being as Communion: Studies in Personhood and the Church (Yonkers, NY: SVS Press, 1985).