Affect Control Theory Publications

 

Readings

Related Works

  • Anderson, Norman H. 2008.  Unified Social Cognition. New York: Psychology Press.

  • Bales, Robert Freed, 1999. Social Interaction Systems: Theory and Measurement. New Brunswick NJ: Transaction.

  • Barrett, Lisa Feldman. 2006. Are emotions natural kinds? Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:28-58.

  • Romney, A. Kimball, Susan C. Weller, and William H. Batchelder.  1986. Culture as Consensus: A Theory of Culture and Informant Accuracy. American Anthropologist 88: 313-338.

  • Blumstein, P. W., 1973. Subjective probability and normative evaluations. Social Forces 52:98-107.

  • Stryker, Sheldon, and Peter J. Burke. 2000. The past, present, and future of an identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly 63: 284-297.

  • Clore, G. L., A. Ortony, and M. A. Foss. 1987. The psychological structure of the affective lexicon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 751-766.

  • D'Andrade, Roy 1995. The Development of Cognitive Anthropology. Cambridge University Press, New York.

  • Demerath, Loren. 1993. Knowledge-based affect: Cognitive origins of 'good' and 'bad'. Social Psychology Quarterly, 56: 136-147.

  • Swann, W. B., and R. J. Ely. 1984. A battle of wills: Self-confirmation versus behavioral confirmation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46: 1287-1302.

  • Fillmore, C. J. 1968. The case for case. Pp. 1-90 in E. Bach and R. Harms (Eds.) Universals in Linguistic Theory. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

  • Gollob, Harry F., and Gregory W. Fischer, 1973. Some relationships between social inference, cognitive balance, and change in impression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 26: 16-22.

  • Clore, G. L., A. Ortony, and M. A. Foss. 1987. The psychological structure of the affective lexicon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 751-766.

  • Gollob, Harry F., 1974. Some tests of a social inference model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 29: 157-172.

  • Gollob, Harry F., and Gregory W. Fischer, 1973. Some relationships between social inference, cognitive balance, and change in impression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 26: 16-22.

  • Gollob, Harry F., and B. B. Rossman. 1973. Social inference as a function of the number of instances and consistency of information presented. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 27: 19-33.

  • Swann, W. B., Jr., and C. A. Hill. 1982. When our identities are mistaken: Reaffirming self-conceptions through social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 43: 59-66

  • MacKinnon, Neil Joseph. 2015. Self-Esteem and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Marken, Richard S. (Ed.). 1990. Purposeful Behavior: The Control Theory Approach. Special issue of American Behavioral Scientist, 34 (1).

  • McCall, George, and Jerry Simmons. 1978. Identities and Interactions: An Examination of Human Association in Everyday Life. Third Edition. New York: Free Press.

  • Meronen, Teemu. 2008. "Systems intelligence: The way to accommodate affect control of oneself and others," in Systems intelligence: A new lens on human engagement and action, eds. Raimo P. Hämäläinen and Esa Saarinen: pp. 51-64. Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, Systems Analysis Laboratory.

  • Ochs, Elinor. 1993. Constructing social identity: A language socialization perspective. Research on Language and Social Interaction 26:287-306.

  • Clore, G. L., A. Ortony, and M. A. Foss. 1987. The psychological structure of the affective lexicon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 751-766.

  • Powers, William T. 1973. Behavior: The Control of Perception. Chicago: Aldine.

  • Romney, A. Kimball, Susan C. Weller, and William H. Batchelder.  1986. Culture as Consensus: A Theory of Culture and Informant Accuracy. American Anthropologist 88: 313-338.

  • Gollob, Harry F., and B. B. Rossman. 1973. Social inference as a function of the number of instances and consistency of information presented. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 27: 19-33.

  • McCall, George, and Jerry Simmons. 1978. Identities and Interactions: An Examination of Human Association in Everyday Life. Third Edition. New York: Free Press.

  • Stryker, Sheldon, and Peter J. Burke. 2000. The past, present, and future of an identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly 63: 284-297.

  • Swann, W. B., Jr., and C. A. Hill. 1982. When our identities are mistaken: Reaffirming self-conceptions through social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 43: 59-66

  • Swann, W. B., and R. J. Ely. 1984. A battle of wills: Self-confirmation versus behavioral confirmation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46: 1287-1302.

  • Romney, A. Kimball, Susan C. Weller, and William H. Batchelder.  1986. Culture as Consensus: A Theory of Culture and Informant Accuracy. American Anthropologist 88: 313-338.

Language and Arts

  • Anderson, C. W., and G. E. McMaster, 1982. Computer assisted modeling of affective tone in written documents. Computers and the Humanities 16: 1-9.

  • Besnier, Niko, 1990. Language and affect. Annual Review of Anthropology 19: 419-151.

  • Doyle, John R., and Paul A. Bottomley, 2006. Dressed for the occasion: Font-product congruity in the perception of logotype. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 16: 112-123.

  • Doyle, John R., and Paul A. Bottomley, 2006. Dressed for the occasion: Font-product congruity in the perception of logotype. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 16: 112-123.

  • Dunphy, Tara, and Neil J. MacKinnon 2002. A Proposal for Integrating Folklore and Affect Control Theory. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Elliott, Lois L., and P. H. Tannenbaum, 1963. Factor structure of semantic differential responses to visual forms and prediction of factor-scores from structural characteristics of the stimulus-shapes. American Journal of Psychology 76: 589-597.

  • Heise, D. R. 1966. Sound-meaning correlations among 1,000 English words. Language and Speech, 9: 14-27

  • Lawson, Edwin D., and Lynn M. Roeder. 1986. Women’s full names, short names and affectionate names: A semantic differential analysis. Names 34:175-84.

  • Lawson, Edwin D. 1973. Men’s first names, nicknames, and short names: A semantic differential analysis. Names 21:22-27.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J. 2003. Keynote address--Symbolic interaction and knowledge presentation: From cognitive to affective models. Preparing for the Future of Knowledge Presentation. Chicago, IL: International Institute for Information Design, Institute of Design, Illinois Institute of Technology.

  • Dunphy, Tara, and Neil J. MacKinnon 2002. A Proposal for Integrating Folklore and Affect Control Theory. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Anderson, C. W., and G. E. McMaster, 1982. Computer assisted modeling of affective tone in written documents. Computers and the Humanities 16: 1-9.

  • Lawson, Edwin D., and Lynn M. Roeder. 1986. Women’s full names, short names and affectionate names: A semantic differential analysis. Names 34:175-84.

  • Elliott, Lois L., and P. H. Tannenbaum, 1963. Factor structure of semantic differential responses to visual forms and prediction of factor-scores from structural characteristics of the stimulus-shapes. American Journal of Psychology 76: 589-597.

Impression Formation

  • Averett, C. P., and D. R. Heise. 1987. Modified social identities: Amalgamations, Attributions, and Emotions. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 103-132. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Britt, Lory, and D. R. Heise. 1992. Impressions of self-directed action. Social Psychology Quarterly 55: 335-350.

  • Smith, Herman W., and Linda E. Francis. 2005. Social versus Self-Directed Events among Japanese and Americans: Self-actualization, Emotions, Moods, and Trait Disposition Labeling. Social Forces (84: 821-830.

  • Gollob, Harry F., 1974. A subject-verb-object approach to social cognition. Psychological Review 81:286-321.

  • Gollob, Harry F., and B. B. Rossman. 1973. Judgments of an actor's 'Power and ability to influence others.' Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 9:391-406.

  • Gollob, Harry F. 1968. Impression formation and word combination in sentences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 10: 341-53.

  • Heise, D. R. 2007. Expressive Order: Confirming Sentiments in Social Actions. New York: Springer.

  • Heise, David R. 2000. Affect control theory and impression formation. Pp. 41-47 in Encyclopedia of Sociology, edited by Edgar F. Borgatta and Rhonda J. Montgomery. New York: Macmillan Reference.

  • Heise, D. R. 1979. Understanding Events: Affect and the Construction of Social Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1982. A structural equation model of impression formation. Pp. 195-222 in N. Hirschberg and L.G. Humphreys (eds.), Multivariate Applications in the Social Sciences. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1982. A structural equation model of impression formation. Pp. 195-222 in N. Hirschberg and L.G. Humphreys (eds.), Multivariate Applications in the Social Sciences. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Heise, D. R., and Lisa Thomas 1989. Predicting impressions created by combinations of emotion and social identity. Social Psychology Quarterly 52: 141-148.

  • Heise, D. R., and Neil J. MacKinnon. 1987. Affective bases of likelihood judgments. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 133-151. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Heise, D. R., and Lynn Smith-Lovin, 1981. Impressions of goodness, powerfulness and liveliness from discerned social events. Social Psychology Quarterly 44: 93-106.

  • Heise, D. R., 1970. Potency dynamics in simple sentences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 16:48-54.

  • Heise, D. R., 1969. Affective dynamics in simple sentences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 11: 204-13.

  • Britt, Lory, and D. R. Heise. 1992. Impressions of self-directed action. Social Psychology Quarterly 55: 335-350.

  • Averett, C. P., and D. R. Heise. 1987. Modified social identities: Amalgamations, Attributions, and Emotions. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 103-132. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Shuuichirou Ike. 2001. The affective basis of attributional processes among Japanese and Americans. Social Psychology Quarterly 64: 180-194.

  • Britt, Lory, and D. R. Heise. 1992. Impressions of self-directed action. Social Psychology Quarterly 55: 335-350.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J. 1985/1988/1998. Final Reports to Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada on Projects 410-81-0089, 410-86-0794, and 410-94-0087. Guelph, Ontario: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph.

  • Heise, D. R., and Neil J. MacKinnon. 1987. Affective bases of likelihood judgments. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 133-151. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Shuuichirou Ike. 2001. The affective basis of attributional processes among Japanese and Americans. Social Psychology Quarterly 64: 180-194.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Michio Umino. 1994. How similar are impression-formation processes among Japanese and Americans? Social Psychology Quarterly 57: 124-139.

  • Rashotte, Lisa Slattery. 2003. Written versus visual stimuli in the study of impression formation. Social Science Research 32: 278-293.

  • Rashotte, Lisa Slattery. 2002. Incorporating Nonverbal Behaviors into Affect Control Theory. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Rashotte, Lisa Slattery. 2001. Some effects of demeanor on the meaning of behaviors in context. Current Research in Social Psychology 6 (17).

  • Smith, Herman W., and Linda E. Francis. 2005. Social versus Self-Directed Events among Japanese and Americans: Self-actualization, Emotions, Moods, and Trait Disposition Labeling. Social Forces (84: 821-830.

  • Smith, Herman W. 2002. The Dynamics of Japanese and American Interpersonal Events: Behavioral Settings versus Personality Traits. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 26: 71-92.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Shuuichirou Ike. 2001. The affective basis of attributional processes among Japanese and Americans. Social Psychology Quarterly 64: 180-194.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Michio Umino. 1994. How similar are impression-formation processes among Japanese and Americans? Social Psychology Quarterly 57: 124-139.

  • Smith, Bernadette Pelissier. 1980. Impression formation among Egyptians and Lebanese. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1982. A structural equation model of impression formation. Pp. 195-222 in N. Hirschberg and L.G. Humphreys (eds.), Multivariate Applications in the Social Sciences. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1982. A structural equation model of impression formation. Pp. 195-222 in N. Hirschberg and L.G. Humphreys (eds.), Multivariate Applications in the Social Sciences. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1987. The affective control of events within settings. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 71-101. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1987. The affective control of events within settings. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 71-101. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1987. Impressions from events. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 35-70. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1987. Impressions from events. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 35-70. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1979. Behavior settings and impressions formed from social scenarios. Social Psychology Quarterly 42: 31-43.

  • Heise, D. R., and Lynn Smith-Lovin, 1981. Impressions of goodness, powerfulness and liveliness from discerned social events. Social Psychology Quarterly 44: 93-106.

  • Heise, D. R., and Lisa Thomas 1989. Predicting impressions created by combinations of emotion and social identity. Social Psychology Quarterly 52: 141-148.

  • Smith, Herman W., Takanori Matsuno, and Michio Umino. 1994. How similar are impression-formation processes among Japanese and Americans? Social Psychology Quarterly 57: 124-139.

Politics

  • Azar, Edward E., and Steven J. Lerner, 1981. The use of semantic dimensions in the scaling of international events. International Interactions 7: 361-378.

  • Berbrier, Mitch 1998. 'Half the Battle': Cultural Resonance, Framing Processes, and Ethnic Affectations in Contemporary White Separatist Rhetoric. Social Problems 45:431-450.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Jeffrey W. Bowlby, 2000. The affective dynamics of stereotyping and intergroup relations. Advances in Group Processes, 17: 37-76.

  • Heise, David R., and Steven Jay Lerner. 2006. Affect control in international relations. Social Forces 85: 993-1010.

  • Heise, David R. 2006. Sentiment formation in social interaction. Pp.  189-211 in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Irwin, Kyle. 2003. Political Interaction and Affective Meaning. Department of Sociology (M.A. Thesis). St. Louis: University of Missouri.

  • Lerner, Steven Jay. 1983. Affective Dynamics of International Relations. PhD. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Heise, David R., and Steven Jay Lerner. 2006. Affect control in international relations. Social Forces 85: 993-1010.

  • Azar, Edward E., and Steven J. Lerner, 1981. The use of semantic dimensions in the scaling of international events. International Interactions 7: 361-378.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Jeffrey W. Bowlby, 2000. The affective dynamics of stereotyping and intergroup relations. Advances in Group Processes, 17: 37-76.

  • Troyer, Lisa, and Dawn T. Robinson. Forthcoming. Contributions of a microsociological perspective on emotion to the study of political identity and action. In David Redlawsk and G. Robert Boynton (eds.), Affect and Cognition in Political Action.

  • Schneider, Andreas 1999. US neo-conservatism: Cohort and cross-cultural perspective. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 19:56-86.

  • Troyer, Lisa, and Dawn T. Robinson. Forthcoming. Contributions of a microsociological perspective on emotion to the study of political identity and action. In David Redlawsk and G. Robert Boynton (eds.), Affect and Cognition in Political Action.

Measuring Affective Dimensions

  • Walkey, Frank H., and Roger Boshier, 1969. Changes in semantic differential responses over two years. Psychological Reports 24: 1008-1010.

  • Chapman, R. M., J. W. McCrary, J. A. Chapman, and J. K. Martin. 1980. Behavioral and neural analyses of connotative meaning: Word classes and rating scales. Brain and Language 11: 319-339. 

    Behavioral (semantic differential) and neural (Evoked Potentials, EPs) responses were related to connotative meaning. The approach was based on Osgood's semantic analyses and dimensions of Evaluation (E), Potency (P), and Activity (A). The experimental variables were (1) the semantic class of the stimulus word (E+, E-, P+, P-, A+, A-) and (2) the dimension of the semantic scale (E, P, A) which the subject used to rate the stimulus words. These variables were experimentally combined such that on each trial the subject used a designated semantic scale to judge a specified stimulus word while brain activity was recorded. Using multivariate analyses, the effects on the EPs of stimulus word class, scale dimension, and their interaction were analyzed. The EP effects of stimulus word class were similar whether the subjects were merely saying the words or rating the words on a variety of semantic scales. Different EPs were found for six word classes, three semantic scale dimensions, and the 18 groups formed by their combination. The success rates in EP identification of (1) word class and (2) scale dimension did not depend on whether these two kinds of semantic variables involved the same or different semantic dimensions. The two kinds of semantic effects in EPs were largely independent. The behavioral data supported Osgood's results and showed that our subjects were appropriately processing the semantic information. The common analyses of data from all subjects suggest the universality of the connotative EP effects across individuals. This parallels, at the neural level, the universality of the connotative dimensions found at the behavioral level by semantic differential ratings. The EP effects imply that the neural representation of meaning is similar in different individuals.

  • DiVesta, Francis J., and Walter Dick. 1966. The test-retest reliability of children's ratings on the semantic differential. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 26: 605-616.

  • DiVesta, Francis J., and Walter Dick. 1966. The test-retest reliability of children's ratings on the semantic differential. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 26: 605-616.

  • Heise, D. R. 2007. Expressive Order: Confirming Sentiments in Social Actions. New York: Springer.

  • Heise, D. R. 1979. Understanding Events: Affect and the Construction of Social Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Thomas, Lisa, and D. R. Heise. 1995. Mining Error Variance and Hitting Pay-Dirt: Discovering Systematic Variation in Social Sentiments. The Sociological Quarterly, 36: 425-439.

  • Heise, D. R., 2001. Project Magellan: Collecting Cross-cultural Affective Meanings Via The Internet. Electronic Journal of Sociology: 5 (3)

  • Heise, D. R., 1982. Measuring attitudes with a PET. BYTE: The Small Systems Journal 7: No. 7, 208-246.

  • Heise, D. R. 1970. The semantic differential and attitude research. G. Summers (Ed.), Attitude Measurement Chicago: Rand McNally, pp. 235-53.

  • Heise, D. R. 1969. Some methodological issues in semantic differential research. Psychological Bulletin 72:406-22.

  • Heise, D. R. 1966. Social status, attitudes, and word connotations. Sociological Inquiry, 36: 227-39.

  • Heise, D. R. 1965. Semantic Differential Profiles for 1,000 Most Frequent English Words. Psychological Monographs 79: No. 8 (Whole No. 601).

  • Smith, Herman W., Shuuichirou Ike, and Ying Li. 2002. Project Magellan Redux: Problems and Solutions with Collecting Cross-cultural Affective Meanings Via the Internet. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Smith, Herman W., Shuuichirou Ike, and Ying Li. 2002. Project Magellan Redux: Problems and Solutions with Collecting Cross-cultural Affective Meanings Via the Internet. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Chapman, R. M., J. W. McCrary, J. A. Chapman, and J. K. Martin. 1980. Behavioral and neural analyses of connotative meaning: Word classes and rating scales. Brain and Language 11: 319-339. 

    Behavioral (semantic differential) and neural (Evoked Potentials, EPs) responses were related to connotative meaning. The approach was based on Osgood's semantic analyses and dimensions of Evaluation (E), Potency (P), and Activity (A). The experimental variables were (1) the semantic class of the stimulus word (E+, E-, P+, P-, A+, A-) and (2) the dimension of the semantic scale (E, P, A) which the subject used to rate the stimulus words. These variables were experimentally combined such that on each trial the subject used a designated semantic scale to judge a specified stimulus word while brain activity was recorded. Using multivariate analyses, the effects on the EPs of stimulus word class, scale dimension, and their interaction were analyzed. The EP effects of stimulus word class were similar whether the subjects were merely saying the words or rating the words on a variety of semantic scales. Different EPs were found for six word classes, three semantic scale dimensions, and the 18 groups formed by their combination. The success rates in EP identification of (1) word class and (2) scale dimension did not depend on whether these two kinds of semantic variables involved the same or different semantic dimensions. The two kinds of semantic effects in EPs were largely independent. The behavioral data supported Osgood's results and showed that our subjects were appropriately processing the semantic information. The common analyses of data from all subjects suggest the universality of the connotative EP effects across individuals. This parallels, at the neural level, the universality of the connotative dimensions found at the behavioral level by semantic differential ratings. The EP effects imply that the neural representation of meaning is similar in different individuals.

  • Osgood, Charles E. 1990. Language, Meaning, and Culture: The Selected Papers of C. E. Osgood. Edited by Oliver C. Tzeng. New York: Praeger Publishers.

  • Osgood, Charles E., W. H. May, and M. S. Miron. 1975. Cross-Cultural Universals of Affective Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Osgood, Charles E., G. J. Suci and P. H. Tannenbaum. 1957. The Measurement of Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Osgood, Charles E. 1962. Studies on the generality of affective meaning systems. American Psychologist 17: 10-28.

  • Raynolds, Peter A., Shiori Sakamoto, and Gennie H. Raynolds. 1988. Consistent projective differential responses by American and Japanese students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 66: 395-402.

  • Raynolds, Peter A., Shiori Sakamoto, and Robert Saxe. 1981. Consistent responses by groups of subjects to projective differential items. Perceptual and Motor Skills 53: 635-644.

  • Raynolds, Peter A., Shiori Sakamoto, and Gennie H. Raynolds. 1988. Consistent projective differential responses by American and Japanese students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 66: 395-402.

  • Raynolds, Peter A., Shiori Sakamoto, and Robert Saxe. 1981. Consistent responses by groups of subjects to projective differential items. Perceptual and Motor Skills 53: 635-644.

  • Raynolds, Peter A., Shiori Sakamoto, and Robert Saxe. 1981. Consistent responses by groups of subjects to projective differential items. Perceptual and Motor Skills 53: 635-644.

  • Schneider, Andreas. 2002. Probing Unknown Cultures. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Schneider, Andreas. 1999. Emergent clusters of denotative meaning. Electronic Journal of Sociology, 4 (2).

  • Skrandies, W., and M. J. Chiu. 2003. Dimensions of affective semantic meaning - behavioral and evoked potential correlates in Chinese subjects. Neuroscience Letters, 341: 45-48.

  • Skrandies, W.  1998. Evoked potential correlates of semantic meaning: A brain mapping study. Cognitive Brain Research, 6: 173-183.

  • Smith, Herman W., Shuuichirou Ike, and Ying Li. 2002. Project Magellan Redux: Problems and Solutions with Collecting Cross-cultural Affective Meanings Via the Internet. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Snider, J. G. and Charles E. Osgood (eds.). 1969. Semantic Differential Technique: A Sourcebook. Chicago: Aldine.

  • Thomas, Lisa, and D. R. Heise. 1995. Mining Error Variance and Hitting Pay-Dirt: Discovering Systematic Variation in Social Sentiments. The Sociological Quarterly, 36: 425-439.

  • Osgood, Charles E. 1990. Language, Meaning, and Culture: The Selected Papers of C. E. Osgood. Edited by Oliver C. Tzeng. New York: Praeger Publishers.

  • Walkey, Frank H., and Roger Boshier, 1969. Changes in semantic differential responses over two years. Psychological Reports 24: 1008-1010.

Social Structure and Social Change

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Jeffrey W. Bowlby. 2000. The Affective Dynamics of Stereotyping and Intergroup Relations. Advances in Group Processes 17:37-76.

  • Britt, Lory, and D. Heise. 2000. From Shame to Pride in Identity Politics. Chapter 12 in Sheldon Stryker, Timothy Owens, and Robert White (eds.), Self, Identity, and Social Movements. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Kemper, T. David, and Randall Collins. 1990. Dimensions of microinteraction. American Journal of Sociology 96: 32-68.

  • Landis, D., P. McGrew, H. Day, J. Savage, and T. Saral. 1976. Word meanings in Black and White. Pp. 45-80 in Variations in Black and White Perceptions of the Social Environment, edited by H. C. Triandis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Friedkin, Noah E. and Eugene C. Johnsen. 2003. Attitude Change, Affect Control, and Expectations States in the Formation of Influence Networks. Advances in Group Processes 20: 1-29.

  • Kirby, D. M. and R. C. Gardner. 1972. Ethnic stereotypes: norms on 208 words typically used in their assessment. Canadian Journal of Psychology 26:140-154.

  • Britt, Lory, and D. Heise. 2000. From Shame to Pride in Identity Politics. Chapter 12 in Sheldon Stryker, Timothy Owens, and Robert White (eds.), Self, Identity, and Social Movements. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Friedkin, Noah E. and Eugene C. Johnsen. 2003. Attitude Change, Affect Control, and Expectations States in the Formation of Influence Networks. Advances in Group Processes 20: 1-29.

  • Kemper, T. David, and Randall Collins. 1990. Dimensions of microinteraction. American Journal of Sociology 96: 32-68.

  • Kirby, D. M. and R. C. Gardner. 1972. Ethnic stereotypes: norms on 208 words typically used in their assessment. Canadian Journal of Psychology 26:140-154.

  • Landis, D., P. McGrew, H. Day, J. Savage, and T. Saral. 1976. Word meanings in Black and White. Pp. 45-80 in Variations in Black and White Perceptions of the Social Environment, edited by H. C. Triandis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Tom Langford 1994. The meaning of occupational prestige scores: A social psychological analysis and interpretation. Sociological Quarterly 35:215-245.

  • Lovaglia, Michael, Reef Youngreen, and Dawn T. Robinson. 2005. Identity maintenance, affect control, and cognitive performance. Advances in Group Processes 22:65-92 .

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Alison Luke, 2002. Changes in identity attitudes as reflections of social and cultural change. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 27: 299-338.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Alison Luke, 2002. Changes in identity attitudes as reflections of social and cultural change. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 27: 299-338.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Tom Langford 1994. The meaning of occupational prestige scores: A social psychological analysis and interpretation. Sociological Quarterly 35:215-245.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Jeffrey W. Bowlby. 2000. The Affective Dynamics of Stereotyping and Intergroup Relations. Advances in Group Processes 17:37-76.

  • Malone, Martin J. 2004. Structure and affect: The influence of social structure on affective meaning in American kinship. Social Psychology Quarterly, 67: 203-216.

  • Landis, D., P. McGrew, H. Day, J. Savage, and T. Saral. 1976. Word meanings in Black and White. Pp. 45-80 in Variations in Black and White Perceptions of the Social Environment, edited by H. C. Triandis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Solley, Charles M., and Samuel J. Messick. 1957. Probability, learning, the statistical structure of concepts, and the measurement of meaning. American Journal of Psychology, 70: 161-73.

  • Robinson, Dawn T. 1996. Identity and friendship: Affective dynamics and network formation.  Advances in Group Process, 13: 91-111.

  • Lovaglia, Michael, Reef Youngreen, and Dawn T. Robinson. 2005. Identity maintenance, affect control, and cognitive performance. Advances in Group Processes 22:65-92 .

  • Landis, D., P. McGrew, H. Day, J. Savage, and T. Saral. 1976. Word meanings in Black and White. Pp. 45-80 in Variations in Black and White Perceptions of the Social Environment, edited by H. C. Triandis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Landis, D., P. McGrew, H. Day, J. Savage, and T. Saral. 1976. Word meanings in Black and White. Pp. 45-80 in Variations in Black and White Perceptions of the Social Environment, edited by H. C. Triandis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • Solley, Charles M., and Samuel J. Messick. 1957. Probability, learning, the statistical structure of concepts, and the measurement of meaning. American Journal of Psychology, 70: 161-73.

  • Lovaglia, Michael, Reef Youngreen, and Dawn T. Robinson. 2005. Identity maintenance, affect control, and cognitive performance. Advances in Group Processes 22:65-92 .

Emotions

  • Heise, D. R., and Cassandra Calhan. 1995. Emotion norms in interpersonal events. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58: 223-240. 

  • Francis, Linda 1997. Emotion, coping, and therapeutic ideologies. Social Perspectives on Emotion 4:71-101.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Morgan, R., and D. R. Heise. 1988. Structure of Emotions. Social Psychology Quarterly 51: 19-31.

  • Lively, Kathryn J., and D. Heise. 2004. Sociological realms of emotional experience. American Journal of Sociology, 109: 1109-36.

  • Heise, D. R., and Brian Weir. 1999. A test of symbolic interactionist predictions about emotions in imagined situations. Symbolic Interaction, 22 (1999): 129-161.

  • Heise, D. R., and John O'Brien. 1993. Emotion expression in groups. Chapter 34 in Michael Lewis and Jeannette M. Haviland (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotions. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 489-497.

  • Heise, D. R., and Cassandra Calhan. 1995. Emotion norms in interpersonal events. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58: 223-240. 

  • Heise, D. R. 1998. Conditions for Empathic Solidarity. Pp. 197-211 in The Problem of Solidarity: Theories and Models edited by Patrick Doreian and Thomas Fararo (Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach).

  • Heise, D. R. 1979. Understanding Events: Affect and the Construction of Social Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Leo Keating. 1989. The structure of emotion: A review of the problem and a cross-cultural analysis. Social Psychology Quarterly 52: 70-83.

  • Lively, Kathryn J., and Brian Powell. 2006. Emotional expression at work and at home: Domain, status, or individual characteristics? Social Psychology Quarterly 69: 17-38

  • Lively, Kathryn J., and D. Heise. 2004. Sociological realms of emotional experience. American Journal of Sociology, 109: 1109-36.

  • MacKinnon, Neil Joseph. 2015. Self-Esteem and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Leo Keating. 1989. The structure of emotion: A review of the problem and a cross-cultural analysis. Social Psychology Quarterly 52: 70-83.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Smith, Herman W., and Yap Miow-Lin. 2006. Guilty Americans and Shameful Japanese? An Affect Control Test of Benedict's Thesis. Pp.  213-236 in in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Morgan, R., and D. R. Heise. 1988. Structure of Emotions. Social Psychology Quarterly 51: 19-31.

  • Heise, D. R., and John O'Brien. 1993. Emotion expression in groups. Chapter 34 in Michael Lewis and Jeannette M. Haviland (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotions. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 489-497.

  • Osgood, Charles E. 1966. Dimensionality of the semantic space for communication via facial expressions. Scandanavian Journal of Psychology 7: 1-30.

  • Lively, Kathryn J., and Brian Powell. 2006. Emotional expression at work and at home: Domain, status, or individual characteristics? Social Psychology Quarterly 69: 17-38

  • Rashotte, Lisa Slattery. 2002. What does that smile mean? The meaning of nonverbal behaviors in social interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly 65: 92-102.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, Dawn T. Robinson, and Allison Wisecup. Affect Control Theory and Emotions. Handbook of Emotions. Edited by Jonathan Turner and Jan Stets. Springer Press.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Control theories of identity, action, and emotion: In search of testable differences between affect control theory and identity Control theory. Control System Theories in Sociology. Edited by Kent McClelland and Thomas Fararo. Palgrave MacMillan Press.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Christabel L. Rogalin and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2004. Physiological measures of theoretical concepts: Some ideas for linking deflection and emotion to physical responses during interaction. Advances in Group Processes 21:77-115.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1999. Emotion display as a strategy for identity negotiation. Motivation and Emotion, 23: 73-104.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Christabel L. Rogalin and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2004. Physiological measures of theoretical concepts: Some ideas for linking deflection and emotion to physical responses during interaction. Advances in Group Processes 21:77-115.

  • Schneider, Andreas. 1996. Sexual-erotic emotions in the U.S. in cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 16: 123-143. Special Issue: "Sociology of Emotions."

  • Smith, Herman W., and Yap Miow-Lin. 2006. Guilty Americans and Shameful Japanese? An Affect Control Test of Benedict's Thesis. Pp.  213-236 in in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, Dawn T. Robinson, and Allison Wisecup. Affect Control Theory and Emotions. Handbook of Emotions. Edited by Jonathan Turner and Jan Stets. Springer Press.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Control theories of identity, action, and emotion: In search of testable differences between affect control theory and identity Control theory. Control System Theories in Sociology. Edited by Kent McClelland and Thomas Fararo. Palgrave MacMillan Press.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 2002. Roles, identities, and emotions: Parallel processing and the production of mixed emotions. In Y. Kashima, M. Foddy, and M. Platow (Eds.), Self and Identity: Personal, Social, and Symbolic. Mahwah NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: 125-143.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1993. Can emotionality and rationality be reconciled? A comment on Collins, Frank, Hirshleifer, and Jasso. Rationality and Society, 5: 283-293.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1990. Emotion as the confirmation and disconfirmation of identity: An affect control model. Chapter 9 in T. D. Kemper (Ed.), Research Agendas in the Sociology of Emotions. Albany: State University of New York Press.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Christabel L. Rogalin and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2004. Physiological measures of theoretical concepts: Some ideas for linking deflection and emotion to physical responses during interaction. Advances in Group Processes 21:77-115.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1999. Emotion display as a strategy for identity negotiation. Motivation and Emotion, 23: 73-104.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1994. The sociology of affect and emotion, pp. 118-148 in K. Cook, G. Fine, and J. House, Eds., Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1991. An affect control view of cognition and emotion. Chapter 7 (pp. 143-169) in Judith A. Howard and Peter L. Callero (Eds.), The Self-Society Dynamic: Cognition, Emotion, and Action. (New York: Cambridge University Press.)

  • Heise, D. R., and Brian Weir. 1999. A test of symbolic interactionist predictions about emotions in imagined situations. Symbolic Interaction, 22 (1999): 129-161.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, Dawn T. Robinson, and Allison Wisecup. Affect Control Theory and Emotions. Handbook of Emotions. Edited by Jonathan Turner and Jan Stets. Springer Press.

Deviance

  • Gordon, Robert A., James F. Short, Jr., Desmond S. Cartwright, and Fred L. Strodtbeck, 1963. Values and gang delinquency: A study of street corner groups. American Journal of Sociology 69: 109-128.

  • Gordon, Robert A., James F. Short, Jr., Desmond S. Cartwright, and Fred L. Strodtbeck, 1963. Values and gang delinquency: A study of street corner groups. American Journal of Sociology 69: 109-128.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Williamson, Sherrie, Timothy J. Harpur, and Robert D. Hare. 1991. Abnormal processing of affective words by psychopaths. Psychophysiology 28:260-273.

  • Kroska, Amy, and Sarah K. Harkness. 2006. Stigma sentiments and self-meanings: Exploring the modified labeling theory of mental illness. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69: 325-348.

  • Williamson, Sherrie, Timothy J. Harpur, and Robert D. Hare. 1991. Abnormal processing of affective words by psychopaths. Psychophysiology 28:260-273.

  • Scher, Steven J., and D. R. Heise. 1993. Affect and the perception of injustice. Advances in Group Process, 10: 223-252

  • Heise, D. R. 2007. Expressive Order: Confirming Sentiments in Social Actions. New York: Springer.

  • Kalkhoff, Will. 2002. Delinquency and Violence as Affect-Control: Reviving the Subcultural Approach in Criminology. Electronic Journal of Sociology 6, 3.

  • Kroska, Amy, and Sarah K. Harkness. 2006. Stigma sentiments and self-meanings: Exploring the modified labeling theory of mental illness. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69: 325-348.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Marks, I. M. 1966. Semantic differential uses in psychiatric patients: A study of obsessive, psychopath, and control inpatients. British Journal of Psychiatry 112: 945-951.

  • Marks, I. M. 1965. Patterns of Meaning in Psychiatric Patients: Semantic Differential Responses in Obsessives and Psychopaths. London: Oxford University Press.

  • Nelson, Steven M. 2006. Redefining a bizarre situation: Relative concept stability in affect control theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69: 215-234.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Scher, Steven J., and D. R. Heise. 1993. Affect and the perception of injustice. Advances in Group Process, 10: 223-252

  • Schneider, Andreas. 1999. The violent character of sexual-eroticism in cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 18:81-100.

  • Gordon, Robert A., James F. Short, Jr., Desmond S. Cartwright, and Fred L. Strodtbeck, 1963. Values and gang delinquency: A study of street corner groups. American Journal of Sociology 69: 109-128.

  • Tsoudis, Olga, and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2001. Criminal identity: The key to situational construals in mock criminal court cases. Sociological Spectrum, 21: 3-31.

  • Tsoudis, Olga, and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1998. How bad was it? The effects of victim and perpetrator emotion on responses to criminal court vignettes. Social Forces, 77: 695-722.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Gordon, Robert A., James F. Short, Jr., Desmond S. Cartwright, and Fred L. Strodtbeck, 1963. Values and gang delinquency: A study of street corner groups. American Journal of Sociology 69: 109-128.

  • Thomassen, Lisa.  2002.  An Alcoholic is Good and Sober: Sentiment Change in AA. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23: 177-200.

  • Tsoudis, Olga, and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2001. Criminal identity: The key to situational construals in mock criminal court cases. Sociological Spectrum, 21: 3-31.

  • Tsoudis, Olga, and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1998. How bad was it? The effects of victim and perpetrator emotion on responses to criminal court vignettes. Social Forces, 77: 695-722.

  • Tsoudis, Olga. 2000 The likelihood of victim restitution in mock cases: Are the 'rules of the game' different from prison and probation? Social Behavior and Personality, 28: 483-500.

  • Tsoudis, Olga. 2000. Relation of affect control theory to the sentencing of criminals. Journal of Social Psychology, 140: in press.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Williamson, Sherrie, Timothy J. Harpur, and Robert D. Hare. 1991. Abnormal processing of affective words by psychopaths. Psychophysiology 28:260-273.

Theory/Mathematics

  • Clore, Gerald L., and Jesse Pappas. 2007. The affective regulation of social interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly 70: 333-339.

  • Francis, Clare Anne 2006. Introduction to affect control theory. Pp.  139-161 in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Heise, D. R. 1982. Face synthesizer. Micro: The 6502/6809 Journal, No. 49, pp. 31-37.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1988. Analyzing Social Interaction: Advances in Affect Control Theory. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. (Reprint of a special issue of the Journal of Mathematical Sociology, Vol. 13.)

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and D. R. Heise. 1993. Affect Control Theory: Delineation and Development. In Joseph Berger and Morris Zelditch, Jr. (Eds.), Theoretical Research Programs: Studies in the Growth of Theory. (Stanford: Stanford University Press.)

  • Heise, D. R. 2007. Expressive Order: Confirming Sentiments in Social Actions. New York: Springer.

  • Heise, D. R. 2002. Understanding social interaction with Affect Control Theory. Chapter 2, pp. 17-40,  in Joseph Berger and Morris Zelditch (Eds.), New Directions in Contemporary Sociological Theory. Boulder CO: Rowman and Littlefield.

  • Heise, David R. 2000. Affect control theory and impression formation. Pp. 41-47 in Encyclopedia of Sociology, edited by Edgar F. Borgatta and Rhonda J. Montgomery. New York: Macmillan Reference.

  • Heise, D. R. 2000. Thinking sociologically with mathematics. Sociological Theory, 18: 498-504.

  • Heise, D. R. 1999. Controlling Affective Experience Interpersonally. Social Psychology Quarterly 62 (1999): 4-16.

  • Heise, D. R. 1990. Affect control model technical appendix. Chapter 10 in T. D. Kemper (Ed.), Research Agendas in the Sociology of Emotions. Albany: State University of New York Press.

  • Heise, D. R. 1989. Effects of emotion displays on social identification. Social Psychology Quarterly 52: 10-21.

  • Heise, D. R. 1987. Affect control theory: Concepts and model. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 1-33. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Heise, D. R. 1986. Modeling symbolic interaction. In S. Lindenberg, J. S. Coleman, and S. Nowak (eds.), Approaches to Social Theory. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 291-309.

  • Heise, D. R. 1985. Affect control theory: Respecification, estimation, and tests of the formal model. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 11: 191-222.

  • Heise, D. R. 1979. Understanding Events: Affect and the Construction of Social Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Heise, D. R. 1977. Social action as the control of affect. Behavioral Science 22: 163-177.

  • MacKinnon, Neil Joseph. 2015. Self-Esteem and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and Michelle M. Goulbourne. 2006. The affect control theory of emotions: The case of depression. Pp.  237-266  in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • MacKinnon, Neil J., and D. R. Heise. 1993. Affect Control Theory: Delineation and Development. In Joseph Berger and Morris Zelditch, Jr. (Eds.), Theoretical Research Programs: Studies in the Growth of Theory. (Stanford: Stanford University Press.)

  • MacKinnon, Neil J. 1994. Symbolic Interactionism as Affect Control. Albany: State University of New York Press.

  • Clore, Gerald L., and Jesse Pappas. 2007. The affective regulation of social interaction. Social Psychology Quarterly 70: 333-339.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Control theories of identity, action, and emotion: In search of testable differences between affect control theory and identity control theory. Pp.  163-188 in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2006. Affect Control Theory. Pp. 137-164 in Contemporary Social Psychological Theories, edited by Peter J. Burke. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

  • Robinson, Dawn T. 2006. Affect Control Theory. Pp. ? in George Ritzer, Ed., Encyclopedia of Social Theory.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Control theories of identity, action, and emotion: In search of testable differences between affect control theory and identity control theory. Pp.  163-188 in Purpose, Meaning, and Action: Control Systems Theories in Sociology, edited by Kent A. McClelland and Thomas J. Fararo. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and D. R. Heise. 1988. Analyzing Social Interaction: Advances in Affect Control Theory. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. (Reprint of a special issue of the Journal of Mathematical Sociology, Vol. 13.)

  • Smith-Lovin, L. 2003. Self, identity, and interaction in an ecology of identities. Chapter 11, pp. 167-178, in P. J. Burke, T. J. Owens, P. A. Thoits and R. T. Serpe, Advances in Identity Theory and Research. (New York, Plenum.)

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1994. The sociology of affect and emotion, pp. 118-148 in K. Cook, G. Fine, and J. House, Eds., Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1991. An affect control view of cognition and emotion. Chapter 7 (pp. 143-169) in Judith A. Howard and Peter L. Callero (Eds.), The Self-Society Dynamic: Cognition, Emotion, and Action. (New York: Cambridge University Press.)

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn. 1987. Affect control theory: An assessment. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 171-192. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 2006. Affect Control Theory. Pp. 137-164 in Contemporary Social Psychological Theories, edited by Peter J. Burke. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Experiments

  • Youngreen, Reef, Bridget Conlon, Dawn T. Robinson, and Michael J. Lovaglia. 2009. Identity maintenance and cognitive test performance. Social Science Research 38:438–446.

  • Wiggins, Beverly, and D. R. Heise. 1987. Expectations, intentions, and behavior: Some tests of affect control theory. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 153-169. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Youngreen, Reef, Bridget Conlon, Dawn T. Robinson, and Michael J. Lovaglia. 2009. Identity maintenance and cognitive test performance. Social Science Research 38:438–446.

  • Youngreen, Reef, Bridget Conlon, Dawn T. Robinson, and Michael J. Lovaglia. 2009. Identity maintenance and cognitive test performance. Social Science Research 38:438–446.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1992. Selective interaction as a strategy for identity maintenance: An affect control model. Social Psychology Quarterly 55: 12-28.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., and Lynn Smith-Lovin. 1992. Selective interaction as a strategy for identity maintenance: An affect control model. Social Psychology Quarterly 55: 12-28.

  • Robinson, Dawn T., Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Olga Tsoudis. 1994. Heinous crime or unfortunate accident? The effects of remorse on responses to mock criminal confessions. Social Forces, 73: 175-190.

  • Wiggins, Beverly, and D. R. Heise. 1987. Expectations, intentions, and behavior: Some tests of affect control theory. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13: 153-169. REPRINTED IN SMITH-LOVIN AND HEISE, 1988.

  • Youngreen, Reef, Bridget Conlon, Dawn T. Robinson, and Michael J. Lovaglia. 2009. Identity maintenance and cognitive test performance. Social Science Research 38:438–446.

Life Course

  • Di Vesta, Francis J. 1966. A normative study of 220 concepts rated on the semantic differential by children in grades 2 through 7. Journal of Genetic Psychology 109: 205-229.

  • Di Vesta, Francis J. 1966. A developmental study of the semantic structure of children. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 5: 249-259.

  • Heise, David R. 1990. Careers, career trajectories, and the self. Pp. 59-84 in Self-Directedness: Cause and Effects Throughout the Life Course, edited by J. Rodin, C. Schooler, and K. W. Schaie. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

  • Heise, D. R. 1987. Sociocultural determination of mental aging. Pp. 247-261 in C. Schooler and K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Cognitive Functioning and Social Structure Over the Life Course. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

  • Heise, D. R. 1985. Facial expression of emotion as a means of socialization. Electronic Social Psychology, 1 (1). On-line.

  • Maltz, Howard E. 1963. Ontogenetic change in the meaning of concepts as measured by the semantic differential. Child Development 34:667-674.

Subcultures and Groups

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and William Douglass. 1992. An affect control analysis of two religious subcultures. In V. Gecas and D. Franks (Eds.), Social Perspectives on Emotions, Vol. 1, JAI Press, pp. 217-248.

  • Francis, Linda 1997. Ideology and interpersonal emotion management: Redefining identity in two support groups. Social Psychology Quarterly 60:153-171.

  • Holland, Dorothy 1987.  Culture sharing across gender lines: An interactionist corrective to the status-centered model. American Behavioral Scientist 31:234-249.

  • Hunt, Pamela M. 2008. "From Festies to Tourrats: Examining the Relationship between Jamband Subculture Involvement and Role Meanings." Social Psychology Quarterly 71:356-78.

  • King, Adam B. 2008. Finding online subcultures in shared meanings. Social Science Computer Review 26: 137-151.

  • King, Adam B. 2001. Affective dimensions of internet culture. Social Science Computer Review 19: 414-430.

  • Kroska, Amy. 2003. Investigating gender differences in the meaning of household chores and child care. Journal of Marriage and Family 65:456–473.

  • Kroska, Amy. 2002. Does gender ideology matter? Examining the relationship between gender ideology and self- and partner-meanings. Social Psychology Quarterly 65:248-65.

  • Kroska, Amy 2001. Do we have consensus? Examining the relationship between gender ideology and role meanings. Social Psychology Quarterly 64: 18-40

  • Kroska, Amy 1997. The division of labor in the home: A review and reconceptualization. Social Psychology Quarterly 60: 304-322.

  • Langford, Tom, and Neil J. MacKinnon 2000. The affective basis for the gendering of traits: Comparing the United States and Canada. Social Psychology Quarterly 63: 34-48.

  • Lee, BongKoo, and C. Scott Shafer. 2002. The dynamic nature of leisure experience: An application of affect control theory. Journal of Leisure Research 34: 290-310.

  • Langford, Tom, and Neil J. MacKinnon 2000. The affective basis for the gendering of traits: Comparing the United States and Canada. Social Psychology Quarterly 63: 34-48.

  • Smith, Herman W., Michio Umino, and Takanori Matsuno. 1998. The formation of gender-differentiated sentiments in Japan. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 22: 373-395.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and Dawn T. Robinson. 1991. Gender and conversational dynamics. Pp. 122-156 in Cecilia Ridgeway (ed.), Gender, Interaction and Inequality. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  • Lee, BongKoo, and C. Scott Shafer. 2002. The dynamic nature of leisure experience: An application of affect control theory. Journal of Leisure Research 34: 290-310.

  • Smith, Herman W., Michio Umino, and Takanori Matsuno. 1998. The formation of gender-differentiated sentiments in Japan. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 22: 373-395.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and Dawn T. Robinson. 1991. Gender and conversational dynamics. Pp. 122-156 in Cecilia Ridgeway (ed.), Gender, Interaction and Inequality. New York: Springer-Verlag.

  • Smith-Lovin, Lynn, and William Douglass. 1992. An affect control analysis of two religious subcultures. In V. Gecas and D. Franks (Eds.), Social Perspectives on Emotions, Vol. 1, JAI Press, pp. 217-248.

  • Smith, Herman W., Michio Umino, and Takanori Matsuno. 1998. The formation of gender-differentiated sentiments in Japan. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 22: 373-395.

Work and Occupations

  • Francis, Clare Anne, and David R. Heise. 2006. Emotions on the job: Supporting and threatening face in work organizations. Paper read at 2006 Social Structure and Emotion Conference, April 6-9, 2006, at Athens, GA.

  • Francis, Clare Anne, and David R. Heise. 2006. Emotions on the job: Supporting and threatening face in work organizations. Paper read at 2006 Social Structure and Emotion Conference, April 6-9, 2006, at Athens, GA.

  • Lee, James Daniel. 1998. Which kids can 'become' scientists? Effects of gender, self-concepts, and perceptions of scientists. Social Psychology Quarterly 61:199-219.

  • Moore, Christopher D., and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Selective identity preferences: Choosing from among alternative occupational identities. Advances in Group Processes 23:253-281.

  • Moore, Christopher D., and Dawn T. Robinson. 2006. Selective identity preferences: Choosing from among alternative occupational identities. Advances in Group Processes 23:253-281.

  • Schneider, Andreas. 2002. Computer simulation of behavior prescriptions in multi-cultural corporations. Organization Studies 23: 105-131.

  • Schröder, Tobias, and Wolfgang Scholl. 2009. Affective dynamics of leadership: An experimental test of affect control theory. Social Psychology Quarterly: 180-196.

  • Schröder, Tobias, and Wolfgang Scholl. 2009. Affective dynamics of leadership: An experimental test of affect control theory. Social Psychology Quarterly: 180-196.

  • Smith, Herman W. 1995. Predicting stress in American-Japanese business relations. Journal of Asian Business 12: 79-89.

Computer Simulations

  • Heise, D. R., and Elsa Lewis. 1988. Programs Interact and Attitude: Software and Documentation. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Software.

  • Heise, D. R. 2004. Enculturating agents with expressive role behavior. Pp. 127-142 in Sabine Payr and Robert Trappl (Eds.),  Agent Culture: Human-Agent Interaction in a Multicultural World. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Heise, D. R. 1982. Face synthesizer. Micro: The 6502/6809 Journal, No. 49, pp. 31-37.

  • Heise, D. R. 1978. Computer-Assisted Analysis of Social Action: Use of Program INTERACT and SURVEY.UNC75. Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in the Social Sciences.

  • Heise, D. R. 2007. Expressive Order: Confirming Sentiments in Social Actions. New York: Springer.

  • Schneider, Andreas. 2002. Computer simulation of behavior prescriptions in multi-cultural corporations. Organization Studies 23: 105-131.

  • Troyer, Lisa 2004. "Affect Control Theory as a Foundation for the Design of Socially Intelligent Systems." Proceedings of 2004 American Association for Artificial Intelligence Symposium on Architectures for Modeling Emotion: Cross Disciplinary Foundations, pp. 27-30. AAAI Press: Menlo Park, CA.